The magnitude of the dangers of smoking in fact it is not recognized by the smoker, because on every pack of cigarettes are now mandatory government warning that reads: "SMOKING CAN CAUSE CANCER, HEART ATTACK, impotence, AND DISORDERS PREGNANCY AND FETUS." However, often the strong dependence on cigarettes make people not want to stop sucking it, until it was too late: when you are sentenced to suffer any disease.
- Smoking causes about 90% of lung cancer deaths in men and 80% in women. The risk of death from lung cancer 23 times higher in male smokers and 13 times higher in female smokers than in those who never smoked. Research indicating that non-smokers who live with a smoker have a 24% higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-smokers in general.
- Smoking also causes cancer of the bladder, oral cavity, pharynx, vocal cords, esopagus, cervix, kidney, pancreas and stomach.
Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
- Smoking causes coronary heart disease, which is one cause of death in Indonesia. Smokers have 2-4 times higher chance of developing coronary heart disease than nonsmokers.
- Smokers have twice the risk of stroke more
- Smoking reduces blood circulation due to narrowed arteries. Therefore, smokers are 10 times more likely to vascular disease, including erectile dysfunction / impotence.
- Smoking causes abdominal aortic anurisma (local dilation of blood vessels in the abdominal aorta). The risk of dying from this disease higher among smokers when blood vessels ruptured (broken).
- Smoking increases the risk of death due to chronic lung disease up to ten-fold. Approximately 90% of deaths due to chronic lung disease caused by smoking.
- Smoking is bad for reproductive health and the fetus in the womb, including infertility (sterility), miscarriage, fetal death, low birth weight is, and sudden infant death syndrome.
How Does Smoking Damage the Body?
- Nicotine reaches the brain within 10 seconds after the cigarettes smoked, and then spread throughout the body via the blood circulation, including the Mother's Milk.
- Carbon monoxide from cigarette smoke binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells, reducing their function in delivering oxygen in full.
- These elements cause cancer (carcinogens) in tobacco damage important genes that control cell growth, so that cells grow abnormally fast or growing terlau.
- Elements of carcinogens called benzopiren bind to cells in the respiratory tract and other vital organs of smokers causing cancer.